7.10.2017 | Ashley Kendal
Benzodiazepines are a class of drug commonly known as minor tranquillisers and sleeping pills. In Australia, benzodiazepines are available only with a.
Furthermore, the use of benzodiazepines during pregnancy may increase the risk of pre-term birth and low birth weight. While recent studies have found no evidence of an increase in birth defects resulting from the use of benzodiazepines during pregnancy, no conclusions have been drawn regarding long-term brain development of the baby.
Current Opinion in Psychiatry 18:249–255. 4 Ashton H (2005) The diagnosis and management of benzodiazepine dependence.
People may be dependent on benzodiazepines if:
Most maternity hospitals have special units which can provide assistance.
11.14.2017 | Natalie Carter
Benzodiazepines. Profile. Benzodiazepines are among the most commonly prescribed depressant medications in the United States today.
The human nervous system has two different types of benzodiazepine receptors: one that causes the anti-anxiety effect, and one that elicits the sedative effect. 7. Benzodiazepines enhance the activity of GABA, effectively slowing nerve impulses throughout the body. Benzodiazepines affect a key neurotransmitter in the brain called gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA). This neurotransmitter has an inhibitory effect on motor neurons, thus the presence of GABA slows or stops neuronal activity.
In addition to the adverse effects listed above, the following are also observed:.
9.12.2017 | Ashley Kendal
Benzodiazepines (commonly referred to as benzos) are a class of psychoactive substances that act as central nervous system depressants. These substances.
[16 ] After cessation, the tolerance returns to baseline in 7-14 days. [17 ] [18 ]. Tolerance will develop to the sedative-hypnotic effects within a couple of days of continuous use. Withdrawal symptoms or rebound symptoms may occur after ceasing one's usage abruptly following a few weeks or longer of steady dosing, and may necessitate a gradual dose reduction.
Abrupt discontinuation also causes rebound stimulation which presents as anxiety, insomnia and restlessness. Benzodiazepine discontinuation is notoriously difficult; it is potentially life-threatening for individuals using regularly to discontinue use without tapering their dose over a period of weeks.
The benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome
5.8.2017 | Natalie Carter
Physiological dependence on benzodiazepines is accompanied by a withdrawal syndrome which is typically characterized by sleep disturbance, irritability.
Withdrawal phenomena appear to be more severe following withdrawal from high doses or short-acting benzodiazepines. The most common is a short-lived "rebound" anxiety and insomnia, coming on within 1-4 days of discontinuation, depending on the half-life of the particular drug. Physiological dependence on benzodiazepines can occur following prolonged treatment with therapeutic doses, but it is not clear what proportion of patients are likely to experience a withdrawal syndrome. It is also unknown to what extent the risk of physiological dependence is dependent upon a minimum duration of exposure or dosage of these drugs. Withdrawal from normal dosage benzodiazepine treatment can result in a number of symptomatic patterns. Dependence on alcohol or other sedatives may increase the risk of benzodiazepine dependence, but it has proved difficult to demonstrate unequivocally differences in the relative abuse potential of individual benzodiazepines. The second pattern is the full-blown withdrawal syndrome, usually lasting 10-14 days; finally, a third pattern may represent the return of anxiety symptoms which then persist until some form of treatment is instituted. Instances are also reported within the high-dosage category of more serious developments such as seizures and psychotic reactions. Physiological dependence on benzodiazepines is accompanied by a withdrawal syndrome which is typically characterized by sleep disturbance, irritability, increased tension and anxiety, panic attacks, hand tremor, sweating, difficulty in concentration, dry wretching and nausea, some weight loss, palpitations, headache, muscular pain and stiffness and a host of perceptual changes.
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Benzodiazepine Define Benzodiazepine at
6.9.2017 | John Addington
Benzodiazepine definition, any of a family of minor tranquilizers that act against anxiety and convulsions and produce sedation and muscle relaxation.
benzodiazepine ben·zo·di·az·e·pine (běn'zō-dī-āz'ə-pēn', -pĭn) n. Any of a group of psychotropic agents used as antianxiety agents, muscle relaxants, sedatives, and hypnotics.
1934, from benzo-, word-forming element used in chemistry to indicate presence of a benzene ring fused with another ring, + di + azo- + epine, a suffix denoting a seven-membered ring, from (h)ep(ta) (see seven ).