12.16.2017 | Natalie Carter
Understanding Drug Schedules
Schedule 4 (IV) drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with a low potential for abuse and low risk of dependence.
This is because some of the active ingredients in the marijuana (cannabis) plant, called cannabinoids, have been shown, in limited research, to have medical benefit for some particular conditions in adults, such as helping control nausea and vomiting due to cancer chemotherapy, or specific chronic pain syndromes. *Editor's Note: The AAP policy statement, " The Impact of Marijuana Policies on Youth: Clinical, Research, and Legal Update, " recommends rescheduling marijuana from a Schedule 1 (I) to a Schedule 2 (II) drug. See Legalizing Marijuana Not Good for Kids: AAP Policy Explained.
Schedule 1 (I) drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined by the federal government as drugs with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. Schedule 1 (I) drugs are the most dangerous drugs of all the drug schedules with potentially severe psychological or physical dependence.
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Schedule 3 (III) drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with a moderate to low potential for physical and psychological dependence. Schedule 3 (III) drugs abuse potential is less than Schedule 1 (I) and Schedule 2 (II) drugs but more than Schedule 4 (IV).
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has divided these substances into five categories, called “schedules,” based on each drug’s (1) potential for abuse, (2) safety, (3) addictive potential and (4) whether or not it has any legitimate medical applications. The Controlled Substances Act (CSA), part of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, is the legal cornerstone of the government’s war against drug abuse. The U.S.
Schedule 2 (II) drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with a high potential for abuse, less abuse potential than Schedule 1 (I) drugs, with use potentially leading to severe psychological or physical dependence. These drugs are also considered dangerous.
Schedule 5 (V) drugs are generally used for antidiarrheal, antitussive, and analgesic purposes. Schedule 5 (V) drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with lower potential for abuse than Schedule 4 (IV) and consist of preparations containing limited quantities of certain narcotics.List of schedule 5 drugs